Shipping Container Agriculture Bibliography

University of Oregon Office of Sustainability

Grow Pod Initiative

Controlled Environment Agriculture and Shipping Container Agriculture Bibliography

Ackerman, K. 2011. The potential for urban agriculture in New York City: Growing capacity, food security, and green infrastructure. New York: Urban Design Lab, Earth Institute, Columbia University.

Adams, E., Espinal, R., 2017. Bring on Next-gen Urban Farming: Usher in a New Era of Food Production in New York City. Daily News, New York.

Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development. 2012. Pest and disease management in commercial greenhouses. http://www.

Astee, L.Y., and N.T. Kishnani. 2010. Building integrated agriculture: Utilising rooftops for sustainable food crop cultivation in Singapore. Journal of Green Building 5(2): 105–113.

Bass, B., and B. Baskaran. 2001. Evaluating rooftop and vertical gardens as an adaptation strategy for urban areas. NRCC Report 46737. Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council Canada.

Bhanoo, S., 2014. Vertical Farms Will Be Big, but for Whom? Indoor Farming Might Help Feed Millions, or at Least Make Millions. December 3. Fast Company. farms-will-be-big-but-for-who.

Block, D.R., N. Cha ́vez, E. Allen, and D. Ramirez. 2012. Food sovereignty, urban food access, and food activism: Contemplating the connections through examples from Chicago. Agriculture and Human Values 29(2): 203–215.

Blyth, A., and L. Menagh. 2006. From rooftop to restaurant. A university cafe fed by a rooftop garden, 50–54. Fall: The Canadian Organic Grower.

Bohn, K., and A. Viljoen. 2011. The edible city: Envisioning the continuous productive urban landscape (CPUL). Field Journal 4(1): 149–161.

Born, B., and M. Purcell. 2006. Avoiding the local trap: Scale and food systems in planning research. Journal of Planning Education and Research 26(2): 195–207.

Bosschaert, T. 2008. Large scale urban agriculture. Rotterdam: Except Integrated Sustainability Netherlands.

Bowman, J., 2017. The Indoor Farming Salad Wars Are Coming. affecting-indoor-agriculture-e59266fa3814.

Brechner, M., Both, A.J., 2013. Cornell CEA Lettuce Handbook. Cornell Controlled Environment Agriculture. Cornell University. %20Handbook%20.pdf.

Brin, H., Fesquet, V., Bromfield, E., Murayama, D., Landau, J., Kalva, P., 2016. The State of Vertical Farming. Association of Vertical Farming.

Brock, A. 2008. Room to grow: Participatory landscapes and urban agriculture at NYU. New York: New York University.

Callebaut, V. 2009. Dragonfly, a metabolic farm for urban agriculture. Space Magazine 488: 42–45.

Caplow, T. 2009. Building integrated agriculture: Philosophy and practice. In Urban futures 2030: Urban development and urban lifestyles of the future, ed. Heinrich Boll Foundation, 54–58. Berlin, Germany: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung.

Collins, G., 2011. Want Fresher Produce? Leave Dirt Behind. August 2. The New York Times. 08/03/dining/hydroponic-produce-gains-fans-and-flavor.html.

Cornell University, 2012. Controlled Environment Agriculture.

Delor, M. 2011. Current state of building-integrated agriculture, its energy benefits and comparison with green roofs—summary. Sheffield, U.K.: University of Sheffield.

de Nijs, B., 2017. Does Vertical Farming Make Sense? June 29. vertical-farming-make-sense.

Despommier, D., 2005. The Vertical Farm: Reducing the Impact of Agriculture on Ecosystem Function and Services. Columbia University Press.

Despommier, D. 2008. Cities dream of a second agricultural revolution. Space Magazine 488: 103–105.

Despommier, D. 2009. The rise of vertical farms. Scientific American 301(5): 80–87.

Despommier, D. 2010. The vertical farm: Feeding the world in the 21st Century. New York: Thomas Dunne Books.

Despommier, D. 2011. The vertical farm: Controlled environment agriculture carried out in tall buildings would create greater food safety and security for large urban populations. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety 6(2): 233–236.

De Wilt, J.G., and T. Dobbelaar. 2005. Agroparks: The concept, the responses, the practice. Utrecht, The Netherlands: Innovation- Network.

Ellingsen, E. 2008. Pyramid farm. Space Magazine 488: 118–119. Ellingsen, E.C., and D. Despommier. 2008. The vertical farm—the origin of a 21st century architectural typology. CTBUH Journal 2008(3): 26–34.

Frazier, I., 2017. The Vertical Farm. The New Yorker.

Germer, J., J. Sauerborn, F. Asch, J. de Boer, J. Schreiber, G. Weber, and J. Muller. 2011. Skyfarming an ecological innovation to enhance global food security. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety 6(2): 237–251.

Gorgolewski, M., J. Komisar, and J. Nasr. 2011. Carrot city: Creating places for urban agriculture. New York: The Monacelli Press.

Graff, G. 2008. Sky farm. Space Magazine 488: 116–117.

Graff, G. 2009. A greener revolution: An argument for vertical farming. Plan Canada 49(2): 49–51.

Jacobs, C. 2008. Vertical farm. Space Magazine 488: 110–111.

Marginson, S., 2010. Aerofarms Urban Agriculture System: Less Space, Less Water, and No Pesticides. aerofarms-urban-agriculture/15371/.

Mattson, N., Albright, L.D., de Villiers, D., Brechner, M., Langhans, R., 2015. Top misconceptions about CEA. Inside Grower 32–34.

Nelkin, J.B., and T. Caplow. 2008. Sustainable controlled environment agriculture for urban areas. Acta Horticulturae 801: 449–456.

Puri, V., Caplow, T., 2009. How to grow food in the 100% renewable city: building- integrated agriculture. In: Droege, P. (Ed.), 100% Renewable: Energy Autonomy in Action. Earthscan.

Reynolds, K., Cohen, N., 2016. Beyond the Kale: Urban Agriculture and Social Justice Activism in New York City. The University of Georgia Press, Athens.

Rogers, M.A., 2017. Organic vegetable crop production in controlled environments using soilless media. Hortic. Sci. 27 (2), 166–170.

Sauerborn, J. 2011. Skyfarming: An alternative to horizontal croplands. Resource: Engineering and Technology for a Sustainable World 18(1): 19.

Shute, N., 2007. Farm of the Future? Someday Food May Grow in Skyscrapers. U.S. News & World Report.  

Specht, Kathrin & Siebert, Rosemarie & Opitz, Ina & Freisinger, Ulf & Sawicka, Magdalena & Werner, Armin & Thomaier, Susanne & Henckel, Dietrich & Walk, Heike & Dierich, Axel. (2014). Urban agriculture of the future: An overview of sustainability aspects of food production in and on buildings. Agriculture and Human Values. 31. 10.1007/s10460-013-9448-4.

Thomaier, S., Specht, K., Henckel, D., Dierich, A., Siebert, R., Freisinger, U.B., Sawicka, M., 2014. Farming in and on urban buildings: present practice and specific novelties of zero-acreage farming (ZFarming). Renew. Agric. Food Syst. 30 (1), 43–54.

Turner, W., Nakamura, T., Dinetti, M., 2004. Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature. BioScience 54 (6), 585–590. 3568(2004)054[0585:GUATSO]2.0.CO;2.

Venkataraman, B., 2008. Country, the City Version: Farms in the Sky Gain New Interest. The New York Times.

Viljoen, A., Bohn, K., & Howe, J. (2005). Continuous productive urban landscapes: Designing urban agriculture for sustainable cities. Oxford: Architectural Press.

Viljoen, A. & Bohn, K. (2014). Second Nature Urban Agriculture: Designing Productive Cities, 1st Edition. London: Routledge.

Weber, C.L., Matthews, H.S., 2008. Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the united states. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42 (10), 3508–3513.

Yeang, K., and M. Guerra. 2008. Building integrated food production. Architectural Design 78(6): 128–131.

Controlled Environment Agriculture Initiatives


Container Companies




Nonprofit/Social Enterprise

Ford Mobile Farm, DetroitVideo:

Garden Pool

Second Harvest Food Bank, Minneapolis

Dream Tree Project, New Mexico


Clark University – Freight Farms’ Leafy Green Machine

Lots of others listed on Freight Farms’ website


Shipping Container